Cruise ships are small floating cities which produce substantial amounts of waste. There is little regulatory control over how this waste is disposed, which can lead to significant impacts in environmentally sensitive areas.
Since 2001 the University of Michigan’s Center for Sustainable Systems has developed a growing set of factsheets that cover topics including energy, water, food, waste, buildings, materials, and transportation systems. Each factsheet presents important patterns of use, life cycle impacts and sustainable solutions. They are designed to inform policymakers, business professionals, students and teachers. The factsheets are peer-reviewed and updated annually.